If you ever decide to run your own server it’s important you understand the options available to you. There are a few popular webservers that are available on Linux servers, and the most common is probably Apache web server; The Apache Web Server was designed to be a lightweight and heavily modable package. That means all of the advanced features are packages that can be added onto the base package. A very common configuration for webservers is known by the acronym “LAMP”, which stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. However, in recent years nginx (engine-x) has become a lightweight alternative with some features such as load balancing built into the base package. Lastly, Linux also has lighthttpd which can handle requests and send them off as required. As a developer, this can all make a big difference.
Choosing the correct webserver for a project is absolutely essential. For example, if you want a WordPress server all you really need is LAMP. On the other hand if you need load balancing and low overhead nginx is a better option. While there are software packages that can handle load balancing, it is built into nginX along with a few other features. Furthermore, since Linux is highly customizable and secure it is often far more used than Windows on servers.
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